Subscribe to Email Updates

Human African Trypanosomiasis


What is Trypanosomiasis?

A disease also known as “sleeping sickness”, caused by a parasite known as Trypanosoma1. A very common condition that occurs mainly in Subsaharan Africa, where more than 70 Million people are at risk2. Currently, there are more than 11 Thousand reported cases, and 3500 deaths that occurred in 2015, specifically in the Democratic republic of Congo3. The disease may affect other animals such as Cows, and is then known as “ animal trypanosomiasis”1.

What is the cause of 

The disease is caused by a parasite known as Trypanosoma, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of and infected Glossina fly (otherwise known as TseTse fly). When the fly bites the human, it transmits the parasite into the blood stream, and carried throughout the body to other fluids such as lymph and spinal fluid, where they continue their life cycle till maturation4.

There are two subspecies of Trypanosoma, responsible for the two forms of the disease:

  • T. b. gambiense : Which causes the chronic condition, that remains dormant for a long time, and the infection could last up to 3 years.
  • T. b. rhodesiense: which causes the acute form, that is more infective and far more dangerous where death can occur in only a few weeks.

Other modes of infection include vertical transmission (from mother to child during pregnancy)6, blood transfusion and possible sexual contact7. Recently, Horse flies and stable flies have been introduced as a vector that could carry the parasite8.

What are the signs and symptoms of Trypanosomiasis?

The disease occurs in two stages:

  • Hemolytic stage: with intermittent fever, headaches and itching. A red sore is also common at the site of the insect bite. When the parasite reaches the lymphatic system, it causes swelling of the lymph nodes, particularly those at the back of the neck, known as “Winterbottom’s sign”. If left untreated, the condition may get worse causing anemia, and heart and kidney failure9.
  • Neurological stage: When the parasite invades the central nervous system, causing disruption of the sleeping cycle due to release of a toxin known as Tryptophol. This cause the patient to wake up during the night and sleep in the morning (which is why it is called sleeping sickness). Other neurological symptoms may occur, such as Tremors, muscle weakness, confusion and even paralysis of the limbs5.

Trypanosomiasis treatment according to the western medicine tradition 

The disease is mainly treated by antimicrobial and anti parasitic medications that vary according to the causative organism.

T.B gambinese is treated with pentamidine, but if the condition worsens it is advisable to switch to more potent medications, such as a combination of nifurtimox and eflornithine. T.B rhodisiense can only be treated in the early stages with Intravenous suramin.

Trypanosomiasis treatment according to the natural medicine tradition 

Anti parasitic medication are very potent, but that means they have massive side effects, including low blood sugar, low blood pressure, nausea, vomiting and even kidney failure if used for a long time, not to mention that some forms of this disease could not be treated at all if it evolves to the more dangerous stage.

We can help you live a long and healthy life without resorting to such damaging procedures and medications.

At we support you by re-powering your immune-system. For this we develop the best Natural Medicine solution, personalized specifically for your needs.

We look to the self-healing power from the body and find out where the immune system needs support and more power.

When the immune system can’t handle the viruses, bacteria parasites, fungi, toxic substances etc anymore, you lose energy in your cells and your body switch from the living modus to the surviving modus.

In most situations when the immune system uses your free energy you feel more tired and less powerful.

In the natural medicine tradition we look to the self-healing capacity of the body from a holistic view and we use only the best working ingredients to get you healthy again.

This means that we look for the underlining root cause (physical, mental and food) instead of symptoms.

Real-life evidence show that cleaning the body helps to re-powering the self-healing capacity of the body.

We support you with the physical part of the treatment.

This means that we develop the best possible Personalized Natural Medicine recipe and herbal formula for your situation. This herbal formula supports your immune-system to clean the blood system, organs and tissues and lymphatic system from viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, toxic substances etc.

To develop a Personalized Natural Medicine recipe and produce the herbal formula we need some information from you. After receiving your information, several days later you receive the herbal formula and can start the treatment.

During the treatment period your immune system clean your body from viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, toxic substances etc. When the body is clean it can recover and the new cells can be healthy.

The total natural treatment is in 3 steps:
Step 1: cleaning the blood system (2 months)
Step 2: cleaning the organs and tissues (2 months)
Step 3: cleaning the lymphatic system (2 months)

Note: We can also help you with Trypanosomiasis  prevention. This is part of our travel pack [click for more information].

When the blood is clean you feel more power/energy in your body. The re-powering of your body increase during step 2 and 3 when you clean your organs/tissues and lymphatic system.

[Read more information about our Natural Treatments.]

Dr. Mohamed Abdel Hamid (Medical content)
Robert Oosterling (Natural Medicine content)


1.  WHO Media centre (March 2014). "Fact sheet N°259: Trypanosomiasis, Human African (sleeping sickness)". World Health Organization.

2. Simarro PP, Cecchi G, Franco JR, et al. (2012). "Estimating and mapping the population at risk of sleeping sickness". PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 6 (10): e1859. PMC 3493382 . PMID 23145192. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001859.

3. Lozano, R (15 December 2012). "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.". Lancet. 380 (9859): 2095–128. PMID 23245604. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0.

4. Kennedy PG.: “Clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness).”, Lancet Neurol. 2013 Feb;12(2):186-94. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70296-X

5. Brun R, Blum J, Chappuis F, Burri C (January 2010). "Human African trypanosomiasis". Lancet. 375 (9709): 148–59. PMID 19833383. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60829-1

6. Olowe SA (1975). "A case of congenital trypanosomiasis in Lagos". Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 69 (1): 57–9. PMID 1170654. doi:10.1016/0035-9203(75)90011-5.

7. Rocha G, Martins A, Gama G, Brandão F, Atouguia J (January 2004). "Possible cases of sexual and congenital transmission of sleeping sickness". Lancet. 363 (9404): 247. PMID 14738812. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)15345-7.

8. Cherenet T, Sani RA, Panandam JM, Nadzr S, Speybroeck N, van den Bossche P (December 2004). "Seasonal prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in a tsetse-infested zone and a tsetse-free zone of the Amhara Region, north-west Ethiopia". Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 71 (4): 307–12. PMID 15732457. doi:10.4102/ojvr.v71i4.250

9. GB Lundkvist; K Kristensson; M Bentivoglio (August 2004). "Why trypanosomes cause sleeping sickness". Physiology. 19 (4): 198–206. PMID 15304634. doi:10.1152/physiol.00006.2004

Topics: Human African Trypanosomiasis

Dr Mohamed Abdel Hamid

Written by Dr Mohamed Abdel Hamid

Dr. Mohamed Abdel Hamid is a practicing dentist, the founder and owner of confidential clinic in Cairo, Egypt. He graduated from the faculty of dentistry, Ain Shams University, obtaining his Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) in 2010 and has been practicing ever since. He acquired a postgraduate diploma of Oral Surgery in 2013 from the same university. In 2014, he acquired the membership of faculty of dental surgery (MFDS) from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSEd), one of the highest honors in professional dentistry. In 2016, He became a member of the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD), the highest recognized institution in the world pertaining to cosmetic dentistry and beauty.