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Tapeworm (Cysticercosis): cause, symptoms and treatment


What is Tapeworm infection?

A tropical disease caused by a worm known as Taenia1. The Tapeworm infection happens most commonly in Asia, Subsaharan Africa and latin America, although it is very uncommon in more developed countries2. It could affect up to 25 % of the populations of these areas, and in 2015 it caused around 400 deaths3, yet it is classified by the WHO as a neglected tropical disease. It can also affect pigs and cows in addition to humans4.

What is the cause of Cysticercosis?

The Cysticercosis is caused by the young form (or egg form) of the tape worm known as Taenia Solium, otherwise known as Pork worm5. The disease is transmitted through the feco – oral route, which means when the eggs of the worm are ingested in contaminated food and water, or through handling the excrement of Pigs.

When the eggs reach the intestine, they hatch into larvae, which then enter the blood stream and invade various tissues. They mature in the host tissues into a larger form of larvae called Cysticerci, that may reach a length of up to 2 cm6.

What are the signs and symptoms this disease?

Symptoms vary greatly according to where the Cysticerci eventually end up. The most common place for lesions to occur is the muscles, causing fever, muscle pain and muscle swelling, that later causes the muscle to atrophy and die6.

Another common location is the skin, where nodules and bumps appear beneath the skin on the trunk and extremities, which could be painful. Cysticerci could end up in the eyes, causing retinal edema that may progress to decreased vision, or even loss of vision in more severe cases6.

The most dangerous form of Cysticercosis occurs when the worms end up in the nervous system, and termed neurocysticercosis8. If they end up in the spinal cord they cause back pain and reticulopathy9. Brain lesions are even more dangerous, where cysts as large as 6 cm in diameter could occur, causing pressure on the brain that can cause fever, headaches and seizures. The condition could be life threatening if not treated properly10.

Tapeworm infection treatment according to the western medicine tradition 

Treatment is composed mainly of surgical removal of the cysts if they cause symptoms, in addition to anti parasitic medication such as Nuclosamide to kill the worms. In most cases, anti parasitic medication is given together with Corticosteroids in order to reduce the inflammation (particularly in the brain), with anticonvulsants especially in Neurocysticercosis.

The treatment according to the natural medicine tradition 

Surgical intervention is a very invasive procedure, and require a lot of preparation and post operative healing period. In addition, corticosteroids have a wide array of side effects if taken for a long time, and these could do significant damage to your body.

We can help you live a long and healthy life without resorting to such damaging procedures and medications.

At we support you by re-powering your immune-system. For this we develop the best Natural Medicine solution, personalized specifically for your needs.

We look to the self-healing power from the body and find out where the immune system needs support and more power.

When the immune system can’t handle the viruses, bacteria parasites, fungi, toxic substances etc anymore, you lose energy in your cells and your body switch from the living modus to the surviving modus.

In most situations when the immune system uses your free energy you feel more tired and less powerful.

In the natural medicine tradition we look to the self-healing capacity of the body from a holistic view and we use only the best working ingredients to get you healthy again.

This means that we look for the underlining root cause (physical, mental and food) instead of symptoms.

Real-life evidence show that cleaning the body helps to re-powering the self-healing capacity of the body.

We support you with the physical part of the treatment.

This means that we develop the best possible Personalized Natural Medicine recipe and herbal formula for your situation. This herbal formula supports your immune-system to clean the blood system, organs and tissues and lymphatic system from viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, toxic substances etc.

To develop a Personalized Natural Medicine recipe and produce the herbal formula we need some information from you. After receiving your information, several days later you receive the herbal formula and can start the treatment.

During the treatment period your immune system clean your body from viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, toxic substances etc. When the body is clean it can recover and the new cells can be healthy.

The total natural treatment is in 3 steps:
Step 1: cleaning the blood system (2 months)
Step 2: cleaning the organs and tissues (2 months)
Step 3: cleaning the lymphatic system (2 months)

Note: We can also help you with Cysticercosis  prevention. This is part of our travel pack [click for more information].

When the blood is clean you feel more power/energy in your body. The re-powering of your body increase during step 2 and 3 when you clean your organs/tissues and lymphatic system.

[Read more information about our Natural Treatments.]

Dr. Mohamed Abdel Hamid (Medical content)
Robert Oosterling (Natural Medicine content)


1. Roberts, Larry S.; Janovy Jr., John (2009). Gerald D. Schmidt & Larry S. Roberts' Foundations of Parasitology (8th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. pp. 348–351. ISBN 978-0-07-302827-9

2. García HH, Gonzalez AE, Evans CA, Gilman RH (August 2003). "Taenia solium cysticercosis". Lancet. 362 (9383): 547–56. PMC 3103219. PMID 12932389. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)14117-7

3. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.". Lancet (London, England). 388 (10053): 1459–1544. PMID 27733281.

4. "Taeniasis/Cysticercosis Fact sheet N°376". World Health Organization. February 2013.

5. Bobes RJ, Fragoso G, Fleury A, et al. (April 2014). "Evolution, molecular epidemiology and perspectives on the research of taeniid parasites with special emphasis on Taenia solium". Infect. Genet. Evol. 23: 150–60. PMID 24560729. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2014.02.005

6. Markell, E.K.; John, D.T.; Krotoski, W.A. (1999). Markell and Voge's medical parasitology (8th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 978-0-7216-7634-0.

7. Wortman PD (August 1991). "Subcutaneous cysticercosis". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 25 (2 Pt 2): 409–14. PMID 1894783. doi:10.1016/0190-9622(91)70217-p.

8. Kerstein AH, Massey AD (2010). "Neurocysticercosis". Kansas Journal of Medicine. 3 (4): 52–4

9. Jang JW, Lee JK, Lee JH, Seo BR, Kim SH (Mar 2010). "Recurrent primary spinal subarachnoid neurocysticercosis.". Spine. 35 (5): E172–5. PMID 20118838. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181b9d8b6.

10. Hauptman JS, Hinrichs C, Mele C, Lee HJ (April 2005). "Radiologic manifestations of intraventricular and subarachnoid racemose neurocysticercosis". Emerg Radiol. 11 (3): 153–7. PMID 16028320. doi:10.1007/s10140-004-0383-y

Topics: Cysticercosis

Dr Mohamed Abdel Hamid

Written by Dr Mohamed Abdel Hamid

Dr. Mohamed Abdel Hamid is a practicing dentist, the founder and owner of confidential clinic in Cairo, Egypt. He graduated from the faculty of dentistry, Ain Shams University, obtaining his Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) in 2010 and has been practicing ever since. He acquired a postgraduate diploma of Oral Surgery in 2013 from the same university. In 2014, he acquired the membership of faculty of dental surgery (MFDS) from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSEd), one of the highest honors in professional dentistry. In 2016, He became a member of the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD), the highest recognized institution in the world pertaining to cosmetic dentistry and beauty.